The Diamond is one of the world’s most sought-after and adored gemstones it is a symbol of clarity and strength. The Diamond name comes from the Greek word “adamas,” which means “invincible” or “unbreakable.”
Diamonds were first gathered from India’s rivers and streams and were traded as early as fourth century BC. By the 1400s, diamonds were becoming fashionable accessories for Europe’s elite and Royalty.
The first diamond engagement ring on record was given in 1477.
In the early 1700s, India’s diamond supplies began to decline. Brazil became the new supplier. Brazil dominated the diamond market for more than 150 years.
In 1860s marked the beginning of the modern diamond market due to the discovery of diamonds in South Africa.
Cecil Rhodes established De Beers Consolidated Mines Limited in 1888. By the 1900 De Beers controlled an estimated 90 percent of the world’s production of rough diamonds.
The largest diamond ever found was in 1905 in South Africa– at 3,106 ct. It was known as the Great Star of Africa, which is now set in the Royal Sceptre with Cross and housed in the Tower of London
It is said that the birthstone warded off the evil eye. Was also believed to cause sickness, poverty and even death. Other belief’s were healing powers an antidote to poison and provide protection against the plague.
The diamond is the gift for the 60th and 75th wedding anniversaries.
The mines in Botswana have brought a boom to the economy, where approximately 40 percent of the world’s supply of rough diamonds are sorted and valued.